March 22, 2021

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Industrial Engineer Job Description – How to Become an Industrial Engineer

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Industrial Engineer Job Description

Industrial engineers help businesses determine the most effective ways to use their machines, people, and energy to make products.

Normally, industrial engineers are hired to increase the productivity of a manufacturing facility while reducing wasted materials. They start their work by studying the product specifications, and then use mathematical models to design systems and methods that will help the business meet their production goals.

There are many opportunities for industrial engineers in non-manufacturing areas, as well. For example, they sometimes help employers figure out how they should evaluate their employees and how much they should be paid.

Many businesses consult with industrial engineers before they open a new factory or plant. Because industrial engineers are so good at logistics, they can help businesses identify the most cost effective location for their production facilities. To make their recommendations, they take the cost of real estate, nearby shipping and transportation options, the geographic location, and other variables into account.

Industrial engineers have to be good problem solvers, with the ability to turn real world problems into mathematical equations. If you love math and want a job where you will be able to see the true impact of your work, then a career as an industrial engineer might be right for you.

Work Environment and Schedule

Industrial engineers work in many different manufacturing industries, and often work in factories, warehouses, laboratories, and construction sites. In fact, just about every large scale manufacturer needs industrial engineers to help them solve their problems.

Industrial engineers normally split their time between their office and the manufacturing facilities that they are trying to help. In the office, they perform administrative activities, work on reports, analyze test results, and prepare plans on ways that manufacturing processes can be improved. In the manufacturing facilities, they observe the operations of a facility and try to find problems.

Some industrial engineers (particularly those who work for consulting firms) are often required to travel regularly, and may be away from home for extended periods of time.

Nearly all industrial engineers work full time. Because this can be a very deadline-driven occupation, working overtime is frequently required as deadlines approach.

How to Become an Industrial Engineer

To become an industrial engineer, you will need to earn a bachelor’s degree in industrial engineering. Some schools offer five year programs that award both a bachelor’s and a master’s upon completion. Completing one of these programs and earning a master’s can improve your long-term opportunities for advancement.

While in college, you should do your best to get an internship. Getting an internship is a great way to get valuable work experience, and can significantly improve your chances of employment after graduation. If you’re interested in finding one, you should stop by your college’s career center.

Before you enroll in industrial engineering program, you should make sure that it’s accredited by ABET — this ensures that your time and money will be well spent. If your school is not ABET accredited, you will be unable to earn a license.

Not all industrial engineers are licensed, but licensing may be required if you work for a company that has government contracts.

The first thing you need to do to earn a license is take the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam. This can be taken immediately after graduation. After you have four years of work experience, you can take the Professional Engineering (PE) exam.

Related Occupations

Employment Outlook

There are currently 203,900 industrial engineers in the United States, with 5,750 new industrial engineer job openings created each year.

Industrial Engineer jobs are not expected to see much growth beyond their current levels in the next decade.

Industrial Engineer Salaries

Overall Salaries

Industrial Engineer salaries can vary depending on your experience, the location, company, industry, and benefits provided. Nationwide, most industrial engineers make between $62,500 – $94,000 per year, or $30.03 – $45.19 per hour.

Career as an Industrial Engineer or Technician – Description, Income, & Qualification


The job, as an industrial engineer, is to find ways in which the client can reduce or end wastage of resources in his or her factory. They monitor and analyze the processes that are happening during the production phase; they then use their knowledge and experience to prepare reports and guidelines on how to make production more effective.

One of the key elements they target is time-wastage. They monitor the production process, which sometimes contain complex systems. They plan and test methods; they optimize the manufacturing process to gain maximum efficiency by reducing or eliminating time wastage.

Reducing raw-material wastage is another obstacle they deal with. They analyze how the raw material reaches the manufacturing plant and how it is used in the manufacturing process; they also investigate if any of it is wasted unnecessarily.

They also analyze how a given manufacturing process can be made efficient by optimizing machine operations, use of advanced technologies, automating processes, reduce cost, etc.

An industrial engineering technician works alongside engineers. Their job is to assist engineers and provide feedback when needed. They often have to stay at the manufacturing facility to monitor different activities. They record all the data, which they later provide to engineers.

Work Conditions and Timings

Engineers spend their time both indoors and outdoors. To obverse production, they need to remain inside factories. This is a demanding job, both physically and mentally. When they are making plans or are finding solutions to problems, they work inside their offices.

Technicians spend most of their time at work-sites. They stay in factories to monitor different processes and collect data.


You need a bachelor’s degree in industrial, mechanical, manufacturing, or electrical engineering. A master’s degree and work experience can help you get better employment.

Technicians in this field require at least an undergraduate academic degree or certification.

Check following links for more information, these are ABET accredited programs:

Job Prospects

There are currently 250,000 industrial engineering and 65,000 industrial engineering technician jobs in United States. In the coming years, between 2014 and 2024, the projected job growth in this sector is 1%.


Industrial engineers make ~$53,500 to 127,000, annually.

Pay for a technician is between $39,500 and $62,500, yearly.

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